Physics Colloquium: Tuesday, June 4, 2019 -- Odd Elasticity

Event Date: 

Tuesday, June 4, 2019 - 3:45pm

Event Date Details: 

REFRESHMENTS SERVED AT 3:30 PM

 

Event Location: 

  • Broida 1640
  • Physics Department Colloquium

Odd Elasticity

Hooke's law states that the deformations or strains experienced by an elastic object are proportional to the applied forces or stresses. The number of coefficients of proportionality between stress and strain, i.e. the elastic moduli, is constrained by energy conservation. In this talk, we generalize continuum elasticity to active media with non-conservative (or non-reciprocal) microscopic interactions. This generalization, which we dub odd elasticity, reveals that two additional elastic moduli can exist in a two-dimensional isotropic solid with strain dependent activity. Such an odd-elastic solid can be regarded as a distributed engine: work is locally extracted, or injected, during quasi-static cycles of deformation. By coarse graining illustrative microscopic models, we show how odd elasticity emerges in active metamaterials composed of springs that actuate internal torques in response to strain. Our predictions, corroborated by simulations, uncover phenomena ranging from activity-induced auxetic behavior to wave propagation powered by self-sustained active elastic cycles in non-Hermitian mechanical systems.

 

Vincenzo Vitelli, University of Chicago